Today’s note is about using Javascript (Node!) to generate a string of random characters.

“The use case for this”, you ask?

Well, let’s assume we need a simple utility to provide reasonably random refs each time it’s called – which doesn’t necessarily have to be a UUID, GUID, or even RFC4122 complaint.

I for one, from time to time, need to do this and there are a few snippets I have lying around my PC for this

Using Node

Using the randomBytes API of the crypto package which comes bundled with node, we can generate reasonably random characters as thus:

const crypto = require('crypto');

// using an arbitrary byte size of 14
const randomCharBuf = crypto.randomBytes(14);

/* ... */

At this point, randomCharBuf isn’t the string of random characters we desire, but per the docs, a Buffer.

/* ... */

console.log(randomCharBuf);

// <Buffer 5f 48 b2 7f 7c 17 d3 fc 12 92 ee 60 cc f2>
/* ... */

To convert the buffer to an actual string we can go about making use of, we call the .toString() method which Buffer instances have on them, passing in a character encoding type to use.

/* ... */

const randomChar = randomCharBuf.toString('hex');

/* ... */

At this point, mission accomplished:

/* ... */

console.log(randomChar);

// 5f48b27f7c17d3fc1292ee60ccf2

Putting It All Together

We can nicely package all of the above into a simple utility function as follows…

function genRandChar() {
  const randomCharBuf = require('crypto').randomBytes(14);
  const randomChar = randomCharBuf.toString('hex');
  return randomChar;
}

… such that to generate a random string we just have to do this …

const ref = genRandChar();

console.log(ref); // f0b975b2279d07ac8d59d7da08b0

Using the “uuidgen” CLI binary

If you make use of a Mac, simply opening a terminal session and typing uuidgen should do the job:

using the uuid cli bin

If you are on Linux, you can check if you have a corresponding library installed on your machine:

which uuid

or

which uuidgen

If not found, you can install the uuid tool from your preferred package manager. For Ubuntu (for example):

sudo apt install uuid

install and use the uuid cli bin on ubuntu

That’s it for today, folks!